Tag: 爱杭州DW

Stand up straight teaching

When I wrote down this topic, somehow, I suddenly thought of a person. His name is Lu Yongkang, who is 58 years old now, and he teaches in yangfu ethnic school, Sandu Shui autonomous county, Qiannan Buyi and Miao autonomous prefecture, Guizhou province. 9 months after he was born, his muscles below his legs and knees shrank due to poliomyelitis. At the age when others began to learn to go, he could only learn to kneel to life. At the age of 20, Lu Yongkang became a private teacher in the deep mountain. According to the common people’s thought, it was impossible for him, a disabled person, to walk on the sacred platform of three feet. However, teacher Lu did it. He not only did it, but also persisted in the Spring and Autumn period for more than 30 years. Think about it. It was a man kneeling on the platform who taught and taught in the classroom day after day. That year after year, he went to the village and village to make home visits on the mountain road, he is a man kneeling on the shoe boat. What kind of life is this! What kind of belief is it to support such a life! —- No wonder someone says him like this: this is a man working on his knees, but a man who makes our standers admire him! Teacher Lu established an image of standing in front of us forever with his persistence of kneeling and teaching for more than 30 years. The spirit of being physically disabled and determined, courage to face difficulties and persistence of never giving up reflected in him are the examples for all educators to learn. Compared with teacher Lu, some of our current educators are much better than teacher Lu in physical condition, and the working and living environment is many times better than teacher Lu. However, some people also stood on the platform of three feet to teach books, but they didn’t stand up. They got paralysis or osteopathy in aspects of personal spirit, quality, ability and behavior, etc, he couldn’t stand out from his spirit, and was always sick and soft. This is really a very regrettable thing! There are many examples like this. There were before, but now you lie, I will not list them one by one. I just want to say that as a qualified teacher, as a cultural inheritor who undertakes the important task of preaching, teaching and dispelling doubts, he should have some unique spirits, qualities, abilities and behaviors. Only in this way can we stand up on the platform. Only in this way can the children support a blue sky of spirit and build a palace of knowledge. Many people engaged in education all understand such a simple truth. Teachers represent profession; Education represents career. Although there is only one word difference between occupation and career, but because people pursue different things, they can reflect different colors of life and different levels of realm. Things are always like this. The simpler the truth is, the less simple it is to put it into practice. Here, of course, in addition to the reasons of personal ambition pursuit, there are other social and utilitarian factors at work, which makes my original intention of engaging in education no longer clear, it stained the pure teacher’s ideal with secular dust. People are social people, and there is nothing wrong with such and such changes. However, to admit the fact that it is difficult for people to change the world, we can’t admit that we can’t grasp ourselves at the same time. Sartre, the master of existentialism, has two famous sayings. One is that people have the right to choose freely, and the other is that people are responsible for the choices they make. (The meaning is roughly so, the original sentence may not be expressed in this way) these two sentences are very worthy of our educators to understand carefully. No matter why I chose the profession of teacher at that time, it has become a thing of the past. You should ask yourself how to insist, practice and work hard in order to make yourself a real teacher after making the choice of being a teacher. For such a big problem, we really need to think seriously, carefully and often. There is no harm in thinking too much. It will not waste our time. Thinking more is only good. It will keep us clear-headed all the time and constantly correct the course in the Ocean of Life desire; It will make us strengthen our mind of engaging in education more, it will turn into a strong driving force for perseverance and persistence; It will enable us to pursue, strive for perfection and make positive achievements in our education career. Teacher Lu, who has been kneeling and teaching in pibiao mountain village for many years, has set up a monument of persistence for us, which is admirable and admirable. On this basis, we need to reflect frequently. Ask yourself more: as a teacher, what makes you a teacher? Can everything in yourself bear the weight of the word teacher? Some people may say that I got the teacher qualification certificate, which is the proof of my ability as a teacher. Others would say that I majored in normal education, and naturally I got the identity of a teacher after graduation. However, if we think about it again, can you prove that you are a qualified teacher if you have obtained the teacher qualification certificate and graduated from a normal university? Does it necessarily mean that you can take on the important task of preaching, teaching and dispelling doubts? — Hehe, this kind of inference seems to be not rigorous logically. I remember that I studied in a normal university more than ten years ago, and there was a banner hanging on the campus that I learned to be a teacher and was just a fan. The motto of Normal University is to be realistic, creative, and to be a teacher. In those years, every time I passed by under the banner and in front of the school motto monument, a lofty feeling would rise from the bottom of my heart, and at the same time I constantly deepened my understanding of the teacher’s character. Teachers never exist in isolation. As the inheritor of ideological and moral culture, teachers and students are a pair of relative concepts. Han Yu said that ancient scholars must have teachers. I want to say that as a teacher, there must be students. “The Analects of Confucius” said better, three people, there must be my teacher. Han Yu also think: Before I was born, I heard the truth, and I learned it first. After I was born, I heard the truth, and I learned it first. My teacher said that Fu Yong knew that he was born successively in Wuhu? That’s why it’s not expensive, not cheap, not long, not less, but saved by the Tao and the teacher. It means that no matter the social status is high or low, no matter the age is long or young, who has mastered the Tao is the teacher. It can be seen that the word “teacher” is of great importance. Teachers and students are interdependent. Teachers are responsible for the growth and progress of life and for the passing on of the fire of human civilization from generation to generation. As a teacher, first of all, one should be upright and knowledgeable, and set an example for students. At the same time, teachers should insist on seeking truth from facts whether they are human beings or teaching. The word “seeking truth from facts” is not simple. The famous Yuelu Academy in Hunan uses it as a plaque to train students. When Mao Zedong studied in Hunan Normal College in those years, he often went to Yuelu Academy, and got the essence of “seeking truth from facts. Later, combining with the reality of Chinese revolution, he made a more incisive analysis on the four words of seeking truth from facts, and finally guided the Chinese revolution to victory. As a teacher, another point is also very important, which is to have creative spirit and thinking, dare to doubt and break dogma. The above is not only the academic attitude, but also the quality of teachers. If we thoroughly understand these principles, truly digest them, and internalize them into our own, then not only for our own teaching work, but also for our own life, it will also benefit a lot. Nowadays, many teachers take teaching as a career to make a living. As I said before, this book is understandable. But some people are just unhappy, so they have to ask in reply, how about teaching as a career to make a living? Teachers are also human beings. People living in the world do not have to be lofty all their lives. Besides, lofty people can’t be used as food or support their families. It seems that there is nothing wrong with this. But when I think about it, there is still something wrong inside. First of all, lofty and lofty are two different concepts, and education is lofty. Lofty is not lofty. Lofty is a kind of attitude that people show to things. From the perspective of part of speech, it has a derogatory meaning. Loftiness is the value of career itself to human beings. Human beings multiply from generation to generation. The inheritance of civilization cannot leave education. The loftiness of part of speech is commendatory. How can you compare lofty with lofty? It’s all right if you take teachers as your profession, Why do you still need to put some dust on the face of lofty education? On the other hand, since it is a profession, many people have no spirit of devoting themselves to teaching and studying. They think that the job as a teacher is relatively stable now, the salary is not low, and there is also a certain social status. Let’s talk about it for a few years. When there is a better opportunity than the teacher profession, then change jobs. This is the so-called job-hopping which is very popular nowadays. The word “job-hopping” is very vivid. What is the slot? The explanation of modern Chinese standard dictionary is: a kind of rectangular container with frames in the middle, which can be used for grand fodder, water storage, wine making and so on. For example, horse trough, sink, wine trough. What are you doing in the slot? In order to eat better food. Ha ha, this fully reflects that food is human nature. — There seems to be nothing wrong with this. However, many people forget the professional spirit of teachers in the process of jumping around or in the preparation of not jumping. It reduces the requirements of teachers’ identity on themselves and their requirements on teaching work. I am not in good shape, and my study is not high, let alone my professional progress and innovation. How can this be a teacher? It is simply a mistake for children. There is also about Examination. Under the examination-oriented education system, although it is said to reform every year, examination, as a magic weapon for teachers, has never been effectively improved. Some teachers don’t study how to improve the teaching, but they devote all day long to how to grasp students’ exams. In those years, Mao Zedong said that in the present exam, we used the method of dealing with the enemy to make sudden attacks, causing some strange questions and partial questions to punish the students. This is a method of taking the eight-part essay. I don’t agree with it, but it needs to be completely changed. I advocate that the topic should be open and students should study and read books. For example, if you give 20 questions, students can answer 10 questions well. Some of them are very good and have original ideas, and they can score one hundred points. If you answer 20 questions, they are also right, but those who were plain and uncreative would be given 50 to 60 points. I can whisper to each other in the exam, but I don’t understand it. I asked others to understand it. If you understand it, you will get something. Why do you have to memorize it? They did it, and I copied it again. Can try point. This is indeed a good way for students to acquire new knowledge and master new methods. Now the phenomenon of taking the eight-part essay still exists, which is worthy of our deep thinking. Of course, this is already another topic. I mean, as a teacher, we should pay more attention to teaching research and thoroughly study the rules of teaching, learning and examination, everything should take the healthy growth and progress of students as the starting point and foothold, because they are the future of mankind. We should break through the inappropriate concept, change the practice of restricting the healthy development of teaching and the healthy progress of students, and make our teaching work more effective. If you stand up to teach, you need to persist, learn and nurture, and even more need the spirit of dedication to education. It can be said that to establish this spirit of dedication is that teachers can always stick to it no matter in good times or adversity, and keep the attitude of assiduously studying and the courage of innovation and reform, constantly enrich and improve the noble nutrition in self-education. Mr. Ji Xianlin said in the article “The meaning and value of life” that if life is really meaningful and valuable, its meaning and value lies in the sense of responsibility of connecting the preceding and the following to human development. In order to find the responsibility on their shoulders and establish such a sense of responsibility, teachers must first put themselves in the broad background of the inheritance of human culture, recognize the position of teachers and grasp the connotation of teachers, and strengthen the belief of devoting to education, guide my teaching work and make my teaching career full of meaning and value. If we lack such profound understanding and observation and engage in teaching in a muddled way, it will not only not improve our own personality level, but also bring negative effects to children. In some places now, some teachers are not still inculcating students with all kinds of inferior products, but only those who are high-educated and rich do not need to buy fertile land. There are thousands of millet in the book; There is no need to set up high beams in the House; don’t hate the unscrupulous media when getting married. The book has its own Yan Ruyu; Don’t hate that no one follows you when you go out. There are so many carriages and horses in the book; Do men want to live in peace, and do they read the stale ideas? The question of why to read books is to be a little bit small in order to make oneself have qualities and improve the quality of life, while to be a middle point is to read books for the country, such as Zhou Enlai proposed in those years for the rise of China, to be bigger is for the overall development and progress of human beings. If we analyze it carefully, individuals, countries and human beings as a whole are actually closely related and closely related. Without the development and progress of individuals, there will be no development and progress of the country and the whole human beings. Conversely, without the development and progress of the whole human beings and the country, the development and progress of individuals will also be unreliable. If a teacher doesn’t have such an understanding, how can he hope to educate students with healthy thoughts, free spirits and strong physique? I can’t see hope. Of course, this kind of work can not be done overnight. It requires our teachers to devote their intelligence and wisdom to it, and to dedicate their life years to it, from generation to generation, and never to end. My fellow villager, Mr. Tao Xingzhi, a famous great educator, once wrote a poem named self-encouragement and encouragement, Life is endowed by each other. Come for a big thing, do a big thing. He put forward that the main purpose of education is to teach thousands of people to seek truth and learn thousands of people to be real people. He said that teachers should be promoted to be an inventor instead of a bookmaker. He used his own teaching practice and exploration to vividly interpret the motto holding a heart without half a grass. Up to now, these wise sayings still have extremely precious ideological and practical values.

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I said pure literature

Nowadays, pure literature has become a topic of great concern and debate among many writers, literary critics, literary theorists, literary researchers, literary editors and literary publishers. Among them, there are not only professional writers, but also non-professional writers, professors, experts and scholars from colleges and universities and scientific research institutes, as well as editors and publishers of pure literature journals and publishing companies, there are not only famous masters, literary predecessors, but also literary youth and young scholars. Everyone had different opinions and put forward different opinions, which caused the contention in the literary world. In particular, some famous experts and scholars have conducted in-depth research on the current situation of pure literature, and put forward many powerful remedies and solutions to the difficulties faced by pure literature. For the development of pure literature, put forward good suggestions and countermeasures. I am very happy that pure literature can attract the attention and attention of so many experts and scholars. In particular, the leaders of the Communist Party of China will now attach importance to cultural construction, regard cultural construction as a kind of national soft power, regard cultural construction as the top priority of a powerful country, and vigorously develop cultural construction. That is really good news. Literature is an important part of cultural construction. Today’s literature presents multiple colors. As for the media of literature, there are several different forms of literature communication, including paper media literature, film and television literature, audio and video literature, and network media literature. Several literary media are interdependent and have their own advantages. As the mainstream of literature, pure literature once had its glory and reached the peak of an era. Now, as the mainstream literature, pure literature has almost reached the edge of literature. Nowadays, pure literature has become the elite culture and mainstream literature, only owned by a few cultural elites. Those cultural elites mainly include several kinds of people: one is cultural celebrities and literary masters. They are usually professional cultural workers and literary workers who are engaged in cultural or literary work and have considerable achievements in the field of culture or literature. Including intellectuals, litterateurs, writers, poets, literary critics, literary theorists, literary researchers, literary editors, literary publishers, literary administrators, literary educators, etc. They often work in cultural institutions, literary and artistic groups, editorial departments of newspapers and periodicals, publishing companies, colleges and universities, etc., and are engaged in the creation, research, editing, publishing and other related work of culture and literature, and he has made great achievements in various fields. Among them, there are cultural researchers and professional writers; There are not only literary journals, newspaper supplements, literary editors from publishing companies, but also professors and researchers from colleges and universities and scientific research institutes. Secondly, Party Committee propaganda cadres, national cultural officials and literary bureaucrats with certain administrative positions, administrative levels, official titles or titles. It mainly includes three types of people: one is the senior propaganda officials of the propaganda department of the central or local Party committee; The other is the senior propaganda officials of the national cultural administrative department; the third is the senior bureaucrats of the central or local literary and art institutions. Chinese pure literature journals are usually supervised and hosted by the central and local Literary Federation, Writers Association, publishing companies, colleges and universities, etc. Literary journals are controlled by a few cultural elites. Those cultural elites often have official backgrounds or bureaucrats of official literary and art institutions, or bureaucrats of Party and government organs, or writers supported by the government, or editors of literary journals, or newspaper supplements, or editors of publishing companies, professors, experts and scholars in universities, or literary research experts and literary theorists in scientific research institutions, who are often authoritative figures in culture and literature. They often have dual identities or multiple identities of bureaucrats and writers or bureaucrats and editors. Pure literature journals have become the world of a few cultural elites. Now, pure literature is facing an embarrassing situation on the one hand, it is the recession of China’s pure literature, on the other hand, China’s pure literature journals are controlled by a few elites, those cultural elites, cultural celebrities, literary Masters not only publish pure literary works conveniently, but also have the privilege of publishing books at public expense. Those elites and cultural celebrities often get rich contribution fees after publishing books. Because those elites, cultural celebrities and Masters are usually famous writers, bureaucrats or editors, they have the right to publish a book, and they can often get a sky-high payment. On the other hand, it is difficult to publish and publish the pure literary works of most ordinary writers. And all kinds of literary awards held nationwide, whether it is Lu Xun Literature Prize, Mao Dun Literature Prize, Ding Ling Literature Prize, Ba Jin Literature Prize, Guo Moruo Poetry Prize, National government prize or local Literary Federation, all kinds of literary awards sponsored by Writers Association and National government cultural department usually value famous writers and poets rather than those ordinary writers and poets. Those writers who win prizes in national literature awards are usually given to those well-known famous writers or official writers, or the chairman of provincial literary federation, the chairman of Provincial Writers Association, or the vice chairman of Literary Federation, vice Chairman of Provincial Writers Association, or secretary of provincial Party committee, deputy secretary, or secretary of municipal Party committee and deputy secretary of big cities. In a word, those winners are often of great fame, or of great status and identity. There are so many writers in China who have made great achievements in literary creation without holding any leading positions in literature and art, leading positions in Party and government organs and social positions, and how many writers have won national and local literary awards? On the one hand, they are cultural elites, cultural celebrities and literary masters with high positions, wealth and power. They are successful figures and rich classes. On the other hand, for ordinary writers, it is difficult to publish and publish pure literary works. The more famous a mainstream writer is, the higher his status is, the more convenient it is to publish books. Especially those mainstream writers, because of their own status, authority and identity, can not only publish books at public expense, And there are often publishing companies asking for manuscripts at home. However, those who are not famous or engaged in pure literature not only face many difficulties, but also are difficult to be understood and supported by others, and are often hopeless to publish books at public expense, moreover, it is often cold-hearted, sarcastic and ruthless blow from people. Publishing books at their own expense has become the only way for those unknown writers to publish books. Now, the propaganda departments of the central and local Party committees, the national cultural administrative departments, the leading institutions of literature and art, every year, there is a very rich special fund of national finance. Since supporting writers from all over the country nominally is to support key writers or writers with strength and potential, in fact, how many real writers are supported by the special literature financial funds of those countries? The country is a special literary Finance, which is often owned by those bureaucrats and mainstream bureaucrats. Those bureaucrat and mainstream bureaucrat writers, or hold senior leadership positions in propaganda department of the Party committee and national cultural administrative department, or hold the leadership of literary federation or writers, or writers supported by the state government, they have the right to work, the fixed salary of the country, various preferential treatments of the country, and the privilege of enjoying the national key support. But for those poor writers and amateur writers, especially those poor writers and amateur writers living in rural areas, who cares about them? Nowadays, many villages are rated as cultural demonstration towns, cultural demonstration villages, cultural famous towns, cultural famous villages and other reputations by local cities and counties. In fact, they are all fishing for fame and are in vain. I heard that one town was rated as a cultural demonstration town in the city and county, and there was a village in the town, which was rated as a cultural demonstration village. There was neither Library nor library in the town and village. It is said that there is a village, in order to evaluate the cultural demonstration village, in fact, there is no cultural facilities or cultural activities in the village. What is interesting is that in order to evaluate the cultural demonstration village and bring benefits to the village, the village officials went to the city and asked for hundreds of books. The primary school books in the village belonged to the village, it is neither open to the teachers and students of the village primary school, nor to the villagers in the village nominally, which is the library in the village. In fact, it is closed all the year round and not allowed to be read. There is an official in the village in charge of the library. Village officials do not read books, nor do they recognize others to read books. Those officials in the village are keen on the honor of cultural demonstration village. Of course, it is not a cultural activity in the village. For most officials in the village, it is not that great. Those officials in the village considered that their actual interests were evaluated as cultural demonstration villages. The town had financial funds, while the city had financial funds. As long as they were evaluated as cultural demonstration villages, they would have real money. Those real money went into the pockets of officials in the village, why not do it? Of course, not every town can be evaluated as a cultural demonstration town. Not every village can evaluate cultural demonstration villages. To be able to evaluate cultural demonstration towns and cultural demonstration villages, there must be a considerable relationship between the city. It doesn’t matter, what kind of career is difficult to achieve. Cultural elites often live in large and medium-sized cities. Especially those influential cultural elites live in metropolises. Pure literature is owned by cultural elites in the city. For rural writers and amateur writers, they are often forgotten roles. On the one hand, pure literature is close to a few cultural elites and far away from the public; On the other hand, pure literature is facing survival difficulties. Pure literature is facing many difficulties. I don’t know when pure literature can be close to ordinary people and become the property shared by Everbright literary workers and literary lovers, rather than the exclusive property of cultural elites?

Like (prose editor: Jiangnan wind) the snow in spring

Spring elimination snow, multi-the yao nian, unspoken. Reading from afar, it is just above that snowfield. The snow is really beautiful, after all it is spring…

Waiting

Waiting is a kind of persistence, sticking to a certain belief and never giving up. Maybe because of a certain commitment, or because of a certain…

Be good at listening to different voices and opinions

On October 6th, I published a travel essay: “beautiful autumn scenery”, which was obtained by many literary websites…

Read The Bridges of Madison County

“When the white moth spreads its wings, you can come to me at any time”. I think, if I am a man, be accepted…

From today on, I want to be happy

I read “the biography of Hulan River” long time ago, and I remember that I was really in a heavy mood for a long time. Which characters caused me…

Sick time

I sneezed one after another these days. I said someone was reading me and others said I was sick. Finally, the doctor also said I was…